Tinnitus is the perception of sound when no external sound is present. It may be ringing, hissing, buzzing or a combination of these. It may be constant or intermittent and is very common.

The exact cause is not known although it is often associated with hearing loss. Often the most effective treatment for tinnitus is to treat the underlying hearing loss, which can greatly reduce tinnitus issues. The best way to approach tinnitus is to have a comprehensive hearing assessment and tinnitus evaluation to determine the most effective course of management.